Of course, it is best to plant a rose bush once, and then just take care of it and enjoy the magnificent flowers and wonderful aroma. But sometimes the flower needs to be moved to a new place in order to clear the area for a new building, swimming pool or playground. It happens that we plant a rose in unsuitable conditions, where it cannot develop normally and bloom profusely. Many landscape projects are initially designed to be dynamic and require regular redevelopment. Transplanting roses to another place in the fall can be both a forced measure and a planned one - not all owners want to enjoy the same landscape from year to year.
When to replant roses
Let's take a look at when is the best time to replant roses. In fact, this can be done both in spring and in autumn, the recommendations below show not mandatory, but the preferred timing for moving the bushes to a new place.
Autumn is the best time for replanting rose bushes in regions with mild climates. The soil is still warm and the roots will have time to grow before frost. In the south, roses are finished planting two weeks before temperatures drop below freezing. Usually in November there is the height of earthworks. Regions with cool climates require October transfers, in cold conditions the best time is August-September.
But in areas with low temperatures, it is better to move the roses to a new place in the spring. The same applies to places where it often rains, strong winds blow, or the ground is very heavy.
The easiest way to transplant roses is at the age of 2-3 years. But sometimes it is necessary to move an adult, well-rooted bush. It is difficult to do this, but it is quite possible. We will tell you how to transplant a rose in the fall, correctly and without spending extra effort.
Roses are best planted in an open, well-lit area in the morning. It is then that increased evaporation of moisture by leaves occurs, which reduces the likelihood of fungal diseases affecting the bush. It is good if the plot has a small, no more than 10 degrees slope to the east or west - spring melt water on such a site does not stagnate, and the danger of damping out is minimized.
Before transplanting roses in the fall, study their lighting requirements - many varieties cannot stand the midday sun. Under the scorching rays, they quickly fade, the color fades, the petals (especially dark ones) burn and lose their attractiveness. Such roses are transplanted under the cover of large bushes or trees with an openwork crown, placing them at some distance from them so that the roots do not compete for moisture and nutrients.
For a flower, you need to provide protection from the north and north-east wind, and not place it in a deep shade. You can not transplant the bushes to a site where rosaceous flowers have already grown - cherry, quince, cinquefoil, irga and others for 10 years or more.
Almost any soil is suitable for this flower, except for swampy, but slightly acidic loams with a sufficient humus content are preferable.
Digging and preparing roses for transplanting
Before replanting roses in the fall, they need to be watered abundantly. After 2-3 days, dig out the bushes, stepping back from the base about 25-30 cm.Young roses will be easy to get out of the ground, but you will have to tinker with the old ones. First, they need to be dug in with a shovel, then loosened with a pitchfork, cut off the overgrown roots, and then transferred to a tarp or into a wheelbarrow.
In the autumn transplant, the shoots are not touched at all or only slightly shortened, all leaves, dry, weak or unripe twigs are removed. The main pruning of the bush will be done in the spring.
But it happens that a rose has been dug up, and the planting site is not yet ready for it. Is it possible to somehow save the bush?
- If you postpone transplanting for less than 10 days, wrap an earthen ball or bare root with a damp cloth, or better with wet burlap or jute. Place it in a shady, cool place with good air circulation. Check from time to time to see if the fabric is dry.
- If the transplant is delayed for more than 10 days or indefinitely, the roses must be dug in. To do this, dig a V-shaped moat, lay the bushes there obliquely, sprinkle it with soil and compact it slightly.
Preparation of planting holes
It is best to prepare holes for the autumn transplantation of rose bushes in the spring. But, frankly, you do this very rarely. Try to prepare the site at least two weeks before transplanting.
If your plot has good black soil or loose fertile soil, dig holes to the planting depth, adding 10-15 cm.On depleted, stony or unsuitable soils for growing roses, a deepening is prepared with a margin of about 30 cm.Prepare the soil for backfilling by mixing in advance:
- fertile garden soil - 2 buckets;
- humus - 1 bucket;
- sand - 1 bucket;
- peat - 1 bucket;
- weathered clay - 0.5-1 bucket;
- bone or dolomite meal - 2 cups;
- ash - 2 glasses;
- superphosphate - 2 handfuls.
If you do not have the opportunity to prepare such a complex composition, you can do the following:
- turf soil - 1 bucket;
- peat - 1 bucket;
- bone meal - 3 handfuls.
Fill the pits completely with water the day before transplanting.
Transplanting rose bushes
A good time to start work outdoors is a warm, calm, cloudy day.
Transplanting roses with an earthen ball
Pour a layer of the prepared mixture at the bottom of the planting pit. Its thickness should be such that the earthen lump is located at the required level. The planting depth is determined by the grafting site - it should be 3-5 cm below the ground level for bush and ground cover roses, and for climbing ones - by 8-10. Own-rooted plants do not deepen.
Fill the voids halfway with the prepared fertile soil, gently apply it and water it well. When the water is absorbed, add soil to the edge of the hole, tamp it lightly and moisten. After a while, repeat watering - the soil under the transplanted rose should be wet to the full depth of the planting pit.
Check the graft site, and if it is deeper than it should be, gently pull the seedling and top up the soil. Spud the rose to a height of 20-25 cm.
Transplanting Bare Root Roses
Of course, it is best to replant shrubs with a lump of soil. But, perhaps, friends brought the rose to you, dug up in their garden, or it was bought at the market. We will tell you how to properly transplant a plant with bare roots.
If you are not sure that the rose was dug 2-3 hours ago, be sure to soak it for a day in water with the addition of root-forming preparations. The bottom of the bush should also be covered with water. Then dip the root into a mixture of 2 parts clay and 1 part mullein, diluted to thickened sour cream.
Pour the required layer of soil on the bottom of the planting hole, make an earthen mound on it, on which you place the rose. Gently spread the roots around the elevation, not allowing them to bend upwards. Make sure that the planting depth of the bush corresponds to that indicated above.
Gradually cover the roots with prepared fertile soil, gently crushing it from time to time. When the rose is planted, tamp the edges of the hole with a shovel handle, and gently press down inside the planting circle with your foot. Water abundantly, check the location of the root collar, add soil and spud the bush by 20-25 cm.
We told how and when to transplant roses, now we need to figure out if we can do something else to facilitate their early rooting.
- If you transplanted the bushes at a later date, just before the frost, do additional watering.
- In warm, dry weather, water the roses every 4-5 days so that the soil is constantly moist, but not wet.
- In the northern regions, in the year when the bush is moved to another place, make sure to make an air-dry shelter.
Watch a video describing the intricacies of transplanting roses:
Transplanting a rose bush to another place is simple, it is important not to make gross mistakes. We hope our article was useful, and you will enjoy the fragrant flowers of your pet for many years to come.