Types and varieties of Japanese henomeles (quince)

Quince species are numbered in a huge variety of fruit and ornamental varieties. Before planting a plant in your own area, you need to study the existing choice.

Types of Japanese quince

Quince, or chaenomeles, is represented by several species and numerous hybrids derived from them. Differences between plants are in size and shape, as well as flowering and care requirements.

Japanese quince (Chaenomeles japonica)

The Japanese quince is the main and most widespread species. It is a shrub up to 3 m above ground level, has a high frost resistance up to -30 ° C and tolerates well the conditions of the Moscow region and Siberia. It begins to bloom in May with rather large red buds up to 5 cm, the foliage of the plant is first with a bronze tint, and then dark green.

Remains decorative for about a month. It produces edible, bright yellow fruits of small size - up to 6 cm in diameter.

Japanese quince flowers often appear on the branches before the leaves.

Quince Mauley (Chaenomeles maulei)

Quince Maulea, or Japanese quince low, rises no more than 1 m above the ground and has arched shoots with long thorns. The leaves of the plant are emerald green, the buds are brownish-red and are collected in compact inflorescences up to six pieces.

The decorative period of the shrub lasts about three weeks. Upon reaching the age of 3-4 years, low Japanese quince bears pale yellow fruits, ripening in October shortly before frost, with a delicate pineapple aroma. Each fruit weighs approximately 45 g and reaches 5 cm in diameter.

Chenomeles Maulei is usually harvested ahead of schedule, and it ripens already in maturation

Beautiful quince (Chaenomeles speciosa)

Quince beautiful is a low shrub up to 1 m with bright green long leaves, reddish in early spring. The shoots of the species are prickly, curved. In late autumn, the beautiful quince takes on a very attractive crimson color. Flowering occurs in May for about 20 days, the buds of the plant are red, large and abundant.

Excellent quince tolerates poor soils with high acidity levels

Catayan quince (Chaenomeles cathayensis)

Catayan quince is not so common in landscaping, but it has very attractive features. Reaches a height of up to 3 m, has grayish-brown shoots with sparse thorns. The leaves of the plant are lanceolate, dark purple in spring and green in summer, serrate along the edge. The buds are deep pink, up to 4 cm wide, in small inflorescences. In mid-September, from the fourth year of life, the shrub bears large egg-shaped fruits.

Katayan quince in cold winters can slightly freeze

Japanese quince varieties

A large number of cultivated varieties have been developed on the basis of popular varieties of quince. Some of them are valued for their decorative qualities, others are planted mainly for the sake of abundant tasty harvests.

The most popular varieties of quince

Chaenomeles species with beautiful bright flowering and good endurance are in the greatest demand among gardeners. Among the popular varieties there are tall and short shrubs with slow and fast development.

Geisha Girl

The species reaches 1.5 m in height, has a dense dark green crown and bears creamy pink buds in early May. Prefers well-lit and sunny areas, used in single and group plantings.

Important! The Geisha Girl species develops slowly, but is highly frost-resistant and tolerates drought calmly.

The flowering of the Geisha Girl species lasts about 20 days.


The Yukigothen quince species is very slow in growth and reaches 1 m by the age of ten. However, the decorativeness of the shrub makes it popular, despite its compact size. The plant has emerald leaves and produces bright white buds with a slight greenish tinge, abundantly covering the shoots. The species grows well on poor soils, but requires high-quality lighting and reacts poorly to waterlogging.

Quince Yukigothen is frost-resistant up to - 30 ° С

Elly Mossel

Low chaenomeles up to 1.5 m with fast growth has beautiful dark green leaves with a shiny surface. In May, it brings dark red buds in compact inflorescences, in the period of decorativeness it enters simultaneously with budding. Fruits in early October and has good taste.

Ellie Mossel's quince can grow in full sun and light shade


A beautiful low-growing quince up to 1.2 m spreads over 1.5 m in diameter. At the end of May, it blooms in large bright red inflorescences, is often used to create hedges. It grows well not only in the Moscow region, but also in Siberia. The fruiting indicators of the species are low, therefore, usually henomeles is acquired for decorative purposes.

Quince of the Nikolin species is moderately affected by aphids, rust and gray rot

Pink Lady

The Pink Lady Japanese quince reaches 1.2 m above the ground in just two years. It has a lush oval crown of a dark green hue, blooms with delicate pink inflorescences with a yellow center. Possesses good indicators of frost resistance, gives round edible fruits.

The Pink Lady species prefers sunny locations and rich soils


A low chaenomeles with arched shoots grows up to 1 m and spreads up to 1.4 m in width. The leaves of the species are oblong, dark green in spring and bright yellow in autumn. In late April and early May, even before bud break, the shrub produces orange buds with good melliferous qualities. The fruits of the species are spherical, ripen by October, have a fresh aroma of green apples.

Quince Sargenti tolerates frost well, but in the absence of snow requires shelter

Crimson and Gold

A slow-growing species of chaenomeles with a domed crown, it reaches 1.2 m above ground level. The leaves of the shrub are egg-shaped, serrate along the edge and dark green, single buds, red with yellow stamens. It enters the decorative period in mid-May and blooms on average for a month. 2-3 years after planting, it bears edible yellow-green fruits that ripen at the end of September.

Quince Crimson & Gold requires pollination by related species

Winter-hardy varieties of quince

Among the varieties of quince with descriptions, photos and reviews, frost-resistant species are of particular interest. Most of them still require insulation of the roots, but the shoots of such plants do not freeze over without shelter, even in cold winters.


An ornamental cold-resistant shrub up to 2 m in height tolerates frosts up to -30 ° C, with good shelter it grows, including in Siberia. Possesses glossy smooth leaves, gives medium-sized white buds in late spring. The fruits of the species are up to 8 cm in diameter, tart, with a sour taste, viscous and not too juicy.

In good conditions, Nivalis quince blooms again in the fall.


The type of Japanese quince reaches 1 m in height and in diameter, has an open crown shape and dark green glossy leaves. The shrub blooms in May, its buds are small, semi-double, red-orange in color. In autumn, the species bears pear-shaped edible fruits.

Japanese quince Simoni prefers acidic soils with a high humus content

Hot Fire

A frost-resistant quince variety grows up to only 40 cm, but has a fairly spreading and dense crown. Blossoms in late May and June with spectacular dark red buds. The fruits on the branches ripen by October, they are yellow in color. Henomeles Hot Fire gives off a pleasant aroma and good taste.

Quince Hot Fire blooms very profusely

Self-fertile quince varieties

Self-fertile quince is in demand because it does not require the obligatory planting of pollinators in the neighborhood. You can plant it on the site alone, but you still get a small harvest annually.

Moscow Susova

A medium-sized shrub with increased winter hardiness and good immunity does not require pollinators. It annually produces a crop consisting of small rounded fruits up to 50 g by weight. The skin of chaenomeles is yellow, slightly pubescent, the pulp is aromatic, sweetish-sour and astringent. The fruits can be eaten fresh or sent for processing.

Quince Moskovskaya Susova has good keeping quality and can be stored from autumn to February


Winter-hardy type of quince The world begins to produce crops when it reaches 2-4 years. It bears large ribbed fruits up to 300 g by weight each, with shiny smooth skin and medium-dense pulp. You can harvest in early October.

Attention! Chaenomeles Mir is stored at low temperatures for up to three months.

Quince species The world does not crumble after ripening

An excellent pupil

Quince with a rounded crown is valued for bountiful harvests and large fruits - 250 g or more. Ripens at the end of September, does not deteriorate for a long time during storage. The fruits of the variety are yellow, similar to apples, with a light creamy pulp. The skin is shiny, medium in thickness and slightly pubescent. Chaenomeles of this species is used in processing without additional peeling.

Quince Excellent student ripens after being removed from the branches in 3-4 weeks

Ornamental quince varieties

Among the varieties of quince with a photo, decorative varieties deserve attention. They give meager yields, and in some cases do not bear fruit at all. But they are appreciated for the spectacular bloom that brilliantly decorates the garden.

Texas Scarlet

A beautiful view spreads out to 1.5 in diameter and reaches 1.2 m above the ground by the age of ten. Chaenomeles has red buds, appearing on the branches in May, even before the leaves bloom. The decorative period lasts about three weeks, small fragrant fruits ripen in October.

Quince Texas Scarlet has low frost resistance and requires good shelter

Jet Trail

Snow-white chaenomeles with curved shoots grows 1.2 m and similarly spreads in width. The buds reach 4 cm in diameter, appear in May, usually before the leaves. The species bears fruits greenish-yellow, medium-sized, with a good aroma. The plant prefers sunny areas and drained soil.

The view of the Jet Trail is often planted near walls and fences.

Scarlet Storm

A spectacular look of quince with double bright red buds blooms from the end of April. The shrub is round in shape and dense, up to 1.2 m in height. It has no thorns, the leaves of chaenomeles are oval and elongated, dark green in color. It grows well in the sun and in partial shade, tolerates temperatures down to -23 ° C.

Quince Scarlet Storm does not form fruit


A short shrub up to 1 m spreads well in a diameter of 2 m. It has open shoots without thorns, large shiny leaves and bright orange-red flowers.It enters the decorative period in May, and in the fall at the end of September it bears numerous, but small fruits - fragrant, pale yellow in color. You need to plant a view in the sun on hills and slopes.

Due to its spreading, chaenomeles Sido is often used for hedges.


An unusual variety of Japanese quince produces coral pink semi-double flowers with white spots. It blooms in late spring, the shoots of the bush are straight and covered with numerous thorns, the leaves are oval and with a shiny skin. The species produces yellow, apple-like, medium-sized fruits, thrives best in moist, nutritious soils in sunny areas.

Toyo-Nishiki tolerates cold snaps down to -26 ° C without shelter


A beautiful decorative quince rises 1.5 m above the ground. It has dense shoots that form a spreading crown, the leaves of the species are long, up to 10 cm. At the end of April, semi-double salmon-pink buds appear on the branches. By mid-autumn, chaenomeles produces yellowish-green fruits up to 7 cm in diameter, has a good taste and a pleasant fruity aroma. Looks spectacular in group compositions and undersized hedges.

Quince Cameo spreads up to 2m wide

The best varieties of quince for central Russia

Some varieties of Japanese quince are characterized by increased frost resistance. But most species feel comfortable in the middle lane with less severe winters.

Orange Trail

A beautiful kind of quince blooms in May and is abundantly covered with red-orange buds. It grows on average up to 1 m, the shoots of the shrub are spreading, up to 150 cm in diameter. In warm weather, it can bloom again in August; in early autumn, it bears spherical fruits with golden skin. Feels comfortable in the middle lane and the Moscow region, prefers rich soils with moderate moisture.

Orange Trail flowers do not emit aroma, but the fruits have a strong pleasant scent


A low-growing shrub up to 1.5 m with arched shoots and abundant thorns grows well in the middle lane on loose and drained soil. The leaves of the species are large, oval, dark green in color and with a characteristic shine. The flowers are orange-red, medium-sized, massively appear in April and May, the fruits are lemon-colored with a "blush" after ripening.

Quince Clementine smells like pineapple

Red Joy

Shrub up to 1.5 m tall with green oval leaves has a very bright red flowering. The period of decorativeness begins at the end of May and in June. The buds are pollinated by bees; by September, the species bears medium-sized golden-yellow fruits with pleasant taste.

Quince Red Joy tolerates frost well down to - 25 ° С


Beautiful quince up to 2 m in height blooms in early spring with reddish leaves, which acquire a dark green hue by summer. The buds of the shrub are purple, up to 3 cm, appear in mid or late May. The species develops slowly, but in adulthood it spreads out to 2 m in diameter. It tolerates drought well, prefers humus soils with high acidity.

Rubra quince is used in hedges, since it rarely requires a haircut


Ornamental quince up to 1.5 m above the ground is distinguished by small oval leaves with serrated edges and strong spreading shoots that form a spherical crown. It opens in May, the buds of the species are solitary, bright orange. Does not require special care from the gardener, tolerates a lack of moisture and cold snap well. Gives oblong, hard fruits, is often used in the preparation of jams and compotes.

Quince Eximia is especially valued for its vitamin composition

Holland (Hollandia)

Medium-sized shrub, round in shape, up to 1.5 m with strong stems, characterized by an attractive orange-red flowering. The buds are usually solitary, but very abundant and densely cover the plant.The crown of chaenomeles is dark green, the leaves are elongated, with a jagged edge. The fruits ripen in September, and upon reaching ripeness they acquire a high density and yellow color.

The quince of the Holland species is distinguished by its unpretentiousness and calmly reacts to drought

Pink Storm

Very delicate chaenomeles with double, bright pink flowers blooms in May. The shoots of the plant are straight, without thorns, the crown is rounded in shape, up to 1 m in width and height. Feels best on moist, nutritious soils in the sun and in partial shade.

Important! Chaenomeles Pink Storm in the middle lane winters without shelter at temperatures down to -29 ° C.

Quince Pink Storm does not bear fruit and is valued only for its decorative qualities


The species is characterized by rapid growth and reaches 2.5 m by ten years. The shoots of the bush are dense and thorny, the leaves are oval, bright yellow in autumn. In May, the species blooms in dark pink buds in compact inflorescences, and in September it bears edible fragrant fruits.

Umbilicata is characterized by low frost resistance, but tolerates unfavorable ecology well


Types of quince allow you to choose the most beautiful shrub with good yield indicators for a summer cottage. Chaenomeles does not have any special requirements for care, but decorates the garden and often has dessert qualities.

Reviews with photos about the varieties of quince

Solovieva Tatyana Vasilievna, 51 years old, Samara
For more than five years I have been growing Toyo-Nishiki quince at my dacha. Every autumn I harvest the fruits, but I planted the shrubs not for their sake, but because of the attractive flowering. I like the taste of chaenomeles much less than ordinary apples, but its buds are very beautiful, an interesting orange-pink shade.

Kharitonova Irina Viktorovna, 57 years old, Kazan
I grow Ellie Mossel's quince at my dacha, the shrub is very beautiful and not particularly demanding to care for. The main thing is to find an illuminated place for the culture without unnecessary waterlogging and cut as needed. Chaenomeles does not suffer from pests and fungi, it blooms and bears fruit every year very abundantly. We start up the fruits for processing, we get delicious compotes and jams.

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