- 1 Basic Rules
- 2 Varieties of flower beds
- 3 Choice of colors
- 4 Examples of perennial flower beds
- 5 Soil preparation
- 6 Conclusion
Perennial beds decorate any site. Their main advantage is the ability to get a functional flower garden for the next few years. When creating a composition, you need to take into account its location, shape, types of plants and other nuances.
Before creating a flower bed with your own hands, you need to choose its location, type, color palette of plants, and also think over many other nuances.
The following tips will tell you how to arrange a perennial flower bed:
- tall plants are placed in the center of the composition, while lower ones are planted at the edges;
- another option for placing tall perennials are places near houses and fences;
- if flowers of different shades are selected, then tall representatives should remain brighter, while pale low plants will become a good background for them;
- ground cover perennials used for edging and filling free space.
To know how to make a beautiful flower bed, you need to take into account a number of parameters:
- the area of the plot for the arrangement (usually up to 15% of the total area of the land plot is allocated for the flower garden);
- flower garden shape (square, rectangular, round, complex, etc.);
- plant layout;
- color spectrum.
A drawing of the future flower garden is preliminarily carried out. Its shape and arrangement of flowers are schematically indicated on the plan. When the sketch is ready, you need to transfer it to the site. You can mark the boundaries with the help of lime or improvised means.
Varieties of flower beds
The shape and size of the flower bed, done by hand, is selected depending on the area of the site and the location of the buildings. If the house is located in the back of the yard, then a flower garden of a round, rectangular or complex shape will look good. In the presence of long paths, the flower garden is arranged along them.
Carpet flower bed
A carpet-type composition allows you to create a do-it-yourself flower carpet on the site. This is a bed of low-growing perennials, consisting of plants of the same species or variety. Due to this arrangement, individual sections are not distinguished in height.
The simplest is the flower-shaped scheme. This is a round flower bed in which perennials are planted in such a way as to form the shape of a flower.
A yellow aquilegia can be placed in the center of the flower garden, and pink phlox can be planted around it. Purple phlox will play the role of petals. The rest of the space will be filled with white phloxes.
Curly flower bed
Curly flower beds are created from low or medium-sized perennials. If you use tall specimens, then they will obscure the outlines of the flower garden. The design is in the shape of a heart or hexagon.
Island flower bed
The composition in the form of an island does not require clear execution, and the flower bed scheme is distinguished by smooth lines. Its content can be monochromatic or combining several types of perennials.
The island composition can include plants of different heights. The tallest representatives of perennials are usually planted in the center.If the composition is adjacent to a fence or building, then it is better to plant tall flowers closer to them.
Curb flower bed
You can decorate paths and fences with flower borders. A living fence can be formed by combining lilac aquilegia with phlox. A flowerbed with roses, complemented by Carpathian bells, looks original.
A yarrow can be planted along the edges of a garden bed, while a daylily will fill its central part.
A kind of border design is a mixborder. It is performed in the form of a strip along the house, fence or path. There are no requirements for its width and configuration. The result is a mixed type of flower garden.
Modular flower beds
Flower beds of a modular type are obtained by repeating one element that has a certain geometric shape. It is best to fill a modular flower bed with flowers of the same type. If several perennials are combined, then their number usually does not exceed six.
A modular flowerbed of perennials is being carried out according to the scheme. To create a design, free space is divided into several sectors. A border up to 5 cm high will help to delimit the sectors.
Solitary flower beds
Plants of the same group can be combined within one composition. Then you get a solitaire flower bed, consisting of plants of the same height, color, shape of inflorescences, etc.
Choice of colors
There are a huge variety of perennial flowers. The choice of specific representatives for their composition is carried out taking into account the weather conditions of the region and the design of the site.
Therefore, in the same flower bed, you need to plant flowers that need similar care. Before planting, you need to learn how to properly care for plants. You can choose perennials for your flower garden according to the description and photo.
To decorate flower beds with perennials, unpretentious plants are most often chosen. This includes flowers that do not require special conditions. They are resistant to frost, drought, high humidity, diseases and pests. Therefore, such plants are able to grow in one place for several years.
A wide group of plants belongs to the unpretentious ones:
Moderately labor intensive flowers
Plants in this category do not need daily care, however, they are demanding on external conditions. It is recommended to replant them every three years in order to prolong their flowering period.
The following colors need some care:
Flowers difficult to care for
Certain perennials require complex care, certain soil quality and external factors. They are susceptible to disease, cold, and pests.
Difficulties arise when planting any bulbous plants, as well as the following flowers:
Examples of perennial flower beds
You can create a flower garden both according to ready-made planting schemes, and by developing your own flower beds. As an example, you can use ready-made solutions, supplement them or make your own adjustments.
Long flowering flower bed
It is better for novice gardeners to use unpretentious perennials for flower beds. The next option includes plants that do not require much maintenance. Their use makes it possible to obtain a composition of continuous flowering.
- Day-lily. Disembarkation is carried out in the spring after fertilization. One bush blooms for three or more weeks.
- Yarrow. Blooms in late May, prefers places well lit by the sun.
- Iris. It begins to bloom in June, prefer a sunny place or partial shade.
- Sunflower. The first inflorescences appear in May, while the flowering process lasts up to four months.
- Cleaner. Blossoms in July and retains inflorescences until September.
- Thyme. The main flowering period is from July to August.
Another example of a continuous flowering flower garden is shown in the photo.
Flowerbed for flowering in the first year
Many perennials begin flowering in the second year after planting. To get a blooming flower bed in the first year after its arrangement, you need to carefully select plants for it:
- stock-rose - a huge mallow, which is used next to fences or in the center of a flower bed;
- rudbeckia - to create bright accents;
- penstemon - prefers sunny places, then produces flowers in the form of bells;
- fragrant tobacco - a plant with large flowers and a pronounced aroma;
- coreopsis - undersized flower with yellow inflorescences;
- bell is an unpretentious plant with bright flowers;
- gatsaniya - undersized representative of the Aster family.
"The sky in the clouds"
A beautiful flower bed with such a romantic name is formed from three types of perennials. The first row consists of a gentian and a Transcarpathian bell. The second row is formed from white phlox.
The gentian has a pronounced blue color, which stands out favorably against a snow-white background. Due to this combination, a beautiful flower bed of perennials got its name.
Flowerbed in the shape of a heart
A shaped flower bed in the shape of a heart is made of low perennials. To make a flower bed, peonies are planted along its edges. The combination of burgundy and pink peonies looks original.
Roses become the central part of the composition. Flowers of pink and red shades are selected for decoration.
Flowerbed in pink tones
A bright accent in landscape design will be a composition decorated in pink and purple shades.
The following perennials are suitable for its formation:
- highlander - a large shrub with bluish leaves, blooming with a huge cloud;
- monarda - dissolves large flowers with a pleasant aroma;
- astrantia - stands out with numerous inflorescences in the form of umbrellas of a saturated red color;
- saxifrage - produces paniculate inflorescences on long stems;
- phlox is a herbaceous perennial with abundant inflorescences;
- geranium - to add red tones to the flower garden;
- bell - has purple inflorescences with a delicate aroma.
Autumn flower bed
To make the landscape design of the site pleasing to the eye until late autumn, plants that bloom until late autumn are chosen for it.
For a do-it-yourself autumn flower bed, the following plants are suitable:
- panicled phlox (late varieties);
Badan, capable of creating dense thickets, will help to add compositions of greenery. It is planted along the edges of a flower bed of perennials.
Tall asters can bloom until November. They can withstand light frosts, and their bright flowers last until the first snow.
After choosing the place and shape of the future flower bed, you need to prepare the soil for planting plants. You must first remove weeds, leaves, stones and debris. Then the soil is dug up to a depth of 0.5 m.
You can improve the quality of the soil by introducing special components:
- Clay soil will require humus, peat, organic fertilizers, sand. Additionally, you need to create a drainage layer 15 cm high from gravel and sand.
- Sandy soil requires a layer of 10 cm high, consisting of manure, humus, peat and organic matter.
The height of a flower bed for perennials is up to 15 cm above ground level. Perennials grow well on sandy loam soils and light loam.Periodically, the top layer is loosened to improve the air and water permeability of the soil.
A flower bed of perennials is selected based on the free area and the design of the site. For its arrangement, plants are used that can grow in one place for several seasons. You can decorate the composition with any perennials, if you combine them correctly in height, color scale and growth conditions. It can be adjacent to the house and the fence, or remain an independent part of the decor.