- 1 Woodmouth in landscape design
- 2 Popular types
- 3 Growing round-leaved woodworm
- 4 Features of caring for woodworm in winter
- 5 Reproduction
- 6 Diseases and pests
- 7 How to get rid of woodworm
- 8 Reviews about wood pliers
- 9 Conclusion
A photo and description of the woodworm will help gardeners choose the desired variety. This exotic plant is perennial and resembles a liana. As a rule, it grows in the tropics and subtropics. This name was not obtained in vain: it is due to the fact that the plant feeds on other trees, as a result of which it destroys them. In most cases, wood-nose pliers are used to decorate gazebos and walls of buildings.
Woodmouth in landscape design
Increasingly, wood-nose pliers began to be used in landscape design. Lianas are an excellent option for decorating gazebos, arches, blank walls of buildings. If you first study the photo and description of the round-leaved pliers, it will be clear how well they cope with the task at hand. There are species that resemble ground cover plants, forming a kind of carpet. Climbing pliers are planted on the slopes of reservoirs, decorating them.
The most popular type at the moment is climbing, it is much more often used in the design of land plots. Even with minimal care, the vines grow quite quickly and green buildings and supports.
In Russia, under natural conditions, only a few species of woodworm can grow: red bubble, round-leaved, brush-like, climbing. These species have a large number of differences in shape, appearance, growing conditions, decorativeness. Plants with dense foliage and unpretentious are especially popular.
The foliage of this type of vine has a rather dense, dense, spreading crown that can reach a width of up to 3 m. The tree-nose grows quickly enough, the length of a vine can reach 12 m. The main advantage is resistance to low temperatures.
In a young plant, the trunk has a green tint, over time the color changes to dark brown. Leaves are elongated, oval, with small cusps at the ends. During the leaf fall, the green color turns to orange.
At the age of 5 years, the flowering process begins, it lasts no more than 2 weeks. Small yellow fruits can be seen in autumn. To appreciate the beauty of the vines, it is enough to look at the photo of the round-leaved woodworm.
Round-leaved tree plier Diana
It is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the rules for planting and caring for the Diana climbing pliers in advance. This variety is a representative of the most powerful vines. The height of an adult plant reaches 12 m. The woodworm tolerates low temperature conditions, is unpretentious to the soil and growing conditions.
Fruits appear only on female plants, they have a yellow-red hue and adorn the plant for several months from October to December. The foliage is deep green in color, it turns yellow in the fall. Female varieties are distinguished by abundant fruiting.During growth, several supports are used at once; it is not recommended to plant next to other plants.
Round-leaved tree plier Hercules
The tree-nose plier Hercules can reach 10–12 m in height, forming a large number of new shoots. The annual growth of young shoots is about 1 m. They are easy enough to root if necessary. The fruits are decorative, resembling spherical boxes of bright yellow or orange color. They can grow both on the sunny side and in partial shade. Lianas are not susceptible to many diseases and pests.
Vine-like lianas grow up to 12 m. A feature is the fast rooting process of shoots. Young trunks are colored in a light green shade, after a year - red-brown and as a result the lignified trunk becomes dark brown.
The foliage is green, round in shape, the length varies from 8 to 10 cm, the edges are notched. Stipules resemble hooks with which the vines are attached to the walls and rise up.
Flowering begins in July and lasts only 1 week. The flower legs are short, do not stand out in any way and do not attract attention. In September, you can see small fruits of deep red color.
Paniculata tree plier
The paniculata tree-nose is capable of growing up to 10 m in height. Annual shoots are brown with white dots on them. The branches are hollow, the core is brown. During the flowering period, flowers of a yellow-green hue appear. Fruits are small in size, bright orange.
The paniculata is used by the peoples of India for medical purposes, in Russia it is not common. Indians believe that the use of this plant has a beneficial effect on the work of the brain, it is recommended for speech impairment, memory loss.
It is the most beautiful vine of all woodworms. The length of the liana can reach 12 m, and the diameter of an adult plant is 6 cm. After the tree-nose is 10 years old, it is further extended by 5 m. The trunk has a dark brown tint, and the bark resembles fish scales.
The leaves are rich, bright green, they are slightly elongated and grow up to 14 cm in length. Since the foliage is wiry, it gives them a wrinkled appearance. By mid-September, the foliage changes color to yellow and completely falls off in October.
Flowering occurs in July, flowers grow singly or in groups. Small buds. Fruiting begins 10 years after the appearance of the shoots. In autumn, small bright orange fruits can be seen on the vines.
Growing round-leaved woodworm
The woodworm can be grown anywhere: in the sun or in the shade, vines are not picky about the area. There should be a wall, arch, gazebo or other tree nearby, as the plant needs support.
Despite the fact that vines are unpretentious to the ground, you can prepare the ground in advance, which will ensure rapid development. For better survival, it is recommended to plant vines that are 2-3 years old. The depth of the planting pit is 60 cm. After planting, the soil around the wood-nose pliers is mulched, if necessary, fertilizers can be applied.
Features of caring for woodworm in winter
The main advantage of woodworm is drought tolerance. There is enough rainfall for adult plants; in the summer, it is necessary to water once a month. One plant takes about 20 liters of water, young shoots should be watered more often.
In the spring, vines are pruned: damaged and weak shoots are removed. During the growing season, you will need to thin out the crown. Adult vines do not need to be covered for the winter.If there are frozen shoots, then they are removed.
If the vines are less than 3 years old, then they will need to be covered before being sent to winter. The soil around the woodworm will need to be mulched and covered with spruce branches on top. After each watering, it is necessary to loosen the soil.
The woodworm can reproduce in several ways: by seeds, vegetatively. If the vegetative method is chosen, then the vines can be propagated by layering, root cuttings, cuttings of an adult plant, root shoots.
When choosing the cutting method, you will need to take a stiff shoot and divide it into several parts, which will contain from 6 to 8 buds. If you cut the cuttings in the spring, then they need to be planted in the summer, but if they are cooked in the fall, then the process is carried out in the winter. Moreover, it must be carried out in containers with soil. The root system appears after 1.5 months.
Reproduction by cuttings is possible only in early autumn. In an adult liana, you will need to dig out a part of the root system and divide it into pieces 10 cm long. After that, the cuttings are placed in a container with sand and left in a cool place until planting - until spring.
Diseases and pests
The main advantage of the woodworm is that the vines at any stage of development do not undergo diseases, and pests do not appear on them. This saves you additional costs.
How to get rid of woodworm
If the tree-nose pliers are tired and there is a need to get rid of it, then you need to initially cut the vines, remove them from the supports and dig out the root system. It should be understood that it can go deep into the ground and it will be quite difficult to dig it out. In this case, you can use chemicals that completely burn out the roots. You can find such drugs in specialized stores.
Reviews about wood pliers
The photo and description of the woodworm show how beautiful the vines are. Increasingly, they are used in landscape design in the design of land plots. In this case, it is worth knowing that the juice of plants is poisonous, you must follow the precautionary rules. The main thing is not to plant plants close to other trees, as they may die.