Landscaping styles and their characteristics

Today, there are many possibilities of how to beautifully equip a personal plot. One of these possibilities is landscape design. Today, a variety of styles of landscape design are known. In this article we will give a brief overview of existing designs, their features, as well as the distinctive aspects of their design.

Landscape design in a nutshell

Today there are a huge number of styles and trends in landscape design. Each of them has its own design features. For example, some give preference to flowers, stones, architectural elements, and more. In this article, we suggest you familiarize yourself with these styles:

  • Country.
  • Provence.
  • Regular.
  • Scandinavian.
  • Landscape.
  • Rustic and the like.

There is a photo for each style of landscape design, so you can immediately identify the main features of each of the options. In any case, remember that the main task in the development of landscape design is to create comfort, coziness, harmony and beauty in your summer cottage.

Landscape and English garden

Landscape style in landscape design excludes strict forms and emphasizes maximum naturalness landscape... When creating and developing a design, you will have to completely abandon the correct geometric shapes. As a result, everything should be in perfect harmony and merge with the surrounding nature. That is, it implies partial interference with the nature of the landscape, with the obligatory consideration of the prevailing vegetation in your area.

This style has the following design elements:

  • Naturally shaped reservoirs with water lilies, lilies. A bridge over the pond and benches near the pond made of natural materials.
  • Winding paths made of natural materials saw cut wood, stone.
  • The presence of a quality lawn.
  • The predominant color is green with silvery.
  • Elements of vertical gardening.
  • Blooming areas, among which daffodils, crocuses, tulips, pansies, mallow, roses are clearly expressed. In this case, flowers are recommended to be planted in groups to create a lush composition.
  • Mandatory use of decorative willow, boxwood, thuja, juniper, jasmine, elderberry.
Important! The English style in landscaping requires constant care.

It can be organized on an area of ​​at least 12 acres. If the area of ​​the local area is less, then you can take some elements of landscape design.

Classic or regular style

Regular style in landscape design implies strict symmetries, geometric and clear forms. If there are shrubs, they must be perfectly trimmed, this also applies to trees. The French style in landscape design completely excludes the naturalness of the wild. First of all, the emphasis is on the artificiality of the design.

The following design elements stand out vividly:

  • Strictly shaped flower beds.
  • Ponds and fountains in the center of the site.
  • Straight alleys.
  • Gazebos installed at the intersection of paths. The buildings themselves should have a round shape and imitate the ancient Greek portico.
  • Using natural materials.
  • The advantage is given to topiary plants. On the site are planted spherical thuja, maple, linden, pyramidal juniper, jasmine, lilac, girlish grapes.
  • Different flowers are used for planting flower beds, for example, salvia, phlox, begonias, roses.
  • Forged benches.
  • Pergolas.
  • Decorations - arches, Greek flowerpots with legs, classical columns, stone balls, antique sculptures.

The design of such a design is relevant on an area of ​​at least 15 acres.

Scandinavian style

Scandinavian landscape design also has distinctive features. It gives preference to the natural landscape. When creating it, emphasis is placed on the following details:

  • Flowers planted in containers.
  • Spanish-Moorish lawn.
  • Reservoirs of various shapes.
  • Heather garden.
  • Oases and meadows where wild plants grow.
  • Living hedges, represented as fences and barriers.
  • Maximum open space.

Country and predictable village

Country style in landscape design is the most common today. The great popularity is due to the simplicity, naturalness and ease of design. It is also known as a rustic style in landscaping. There should be no strict lines here, just as there are no strict rules for landscape design.

You can equip absolutely any area of ​​the local area. Mostly bright colors are used in the design. Also, in such a landscape project, priority is given to natural materials, such as lining, vine, timber, metal, stone, gravel, wood. Often the territory is planted with fruit trees, for example, plum, cherry. Medicinal plants such as mint, thyme, marigold and thyme can also be grown. Shrubs are also popular - bird cherry, lilac, viburnum and others. In short, everything that is popular in an ordinary village.

Advice! For this landscape design of the territory, preference is given to those plants for which the least care is required.

Rustic style in landscape design also includes all kinds of decorative elements, for example, it can be:

  • Handmade accessories.
  • Original flower beds.
  • Carts.
  • Wheels.
  • Metal / wood benches.
  • Birdhouses.
  • Wicker and hedge.
  • Decorative wells.
  • Figures of pets and stuff.


Art Nouveau in landscape design is, without exaggeration, a style related to big checks! Particular attention is paid to small architectural buildings and all kinds of accessories. Plants, flowers and the like fades completely into the background. With all this, there should be a perfect combination of all items in the design. Plus, such a design of the backyard area requires good and regular maintenance of the landscape.

Art Nouveau landscapes include arched shapes and lines that smoothly intersect with each other. It is also allowed if certain patterns will be repeated, for example, when it comes to paths, flower beds, etc. The main element of the landscape is the house, and all kinds of spirals and other elements are already coming from it, like rays from the sun.

Preference is given to natural materials. As for the color palette in such a design project, there is a wide variety, including blue, beige, black, chocolate, silver, yellow, red and purple. If this or that furniture is installed, then it is recommended to make it from forging. The ideal solution, although not necessarily a small fountain or stream. Taken together, this will emphasize this type of landscape design.

Philosophy of Japan

Japanese-style landscape design always hides a mysterious meaning. We can safely say that the Japanese style in landscape design is a real philosophy.The key elements are rocks, plants and water. It emphasizes the perfect harmony and balance of all components of the landscape. All elements used must have a different shape, size and color. No repetitions!

There are no restrictions on the area of ​​the landscape. The base colors are brown, white, green and gray. Harsh and bright colors are excluded from the design. As already mentioned, stones are the foundation of this style. They should be in perfect harmony with the planted plants. In some cases, it is important to plant or install a bamboo fence.

As for the plants, these are juniper, maple, apple, plum, cherry, pine, Japanese quince, maiden grapes, rhododendrons, ferns, peonies, irises and cereals. As decorative elements - dry streams, tea houses, stone lanterns, roots, bamboo figurines, garden screens, driftwood, etc.

Advice! In this design style, water is a must. On a landscape site, it can be in any manifestation, whether a fountain, a stream, a reservoir, etc.

Dutch style

The Dutch style in landscape design is very much reminiscent of the country style. However, the peculiarities of the vegetation from Holland must be taken into account. The preference is given to wildlife. Conifers and evergreens are often planted. Ornamental plants can also be found in such landscape areas. Although there is a similarity to the country, however, there is no certain neglect of the design.

Mysterious China

The next step is the Chinese style in landscape design. This is a category of the eastern landscape, which is distinguished by its hills. Moreover, a third of the entire site can be occupied by a reservoir. The presence of gazebos, bridges, galleries and verandas is a must. Bright colors are welcome in the design, which cannot be said for another oriental style - Japanese.

In terms of vegetation, this is a relatively wide range that includes evergreens, conifers and trees. When it is created, the natural feature of a particular site is predominantly preserved.

Beautiful Mauritania

The Moorish style in landscape design emphasizes the mysteriousness of the East and European gardening art. This includes a patio, which includes furnishing a patio. Arches, pergolas and other structures on which vines, grapes, climbing roses grow are obligatory installed. All plants should not be trimmed, they can be quite natural in the landscape.


Landscaping in the style of minimalism implies laconic forms and a minimum amount of details. For all the seeming simplicity, it is not so easy to organize such a site. An important feature is that this design idea can be implemented on a plot of up to three acres. A prerequisite is zoning. At the same time, the presence of landscape symmetry is not necessary. Ladders, buildings, podiums and more are encouraged. As for the tinting in the design, cream, light terracotta, silver and white should prevail here.

When developing a design and project, it is recommended to use artificial and natural materials. In this case, the material should be used for all buildings the same, for example, all buildings and elements made of bricks, including even paths. For vegetation, there are no strict rules. You can plant fruit trees, conifers, maple, birch, willow and other plants. Given the small footprint, vertical gardening landscape territory. As for decorative elements, there should not be many of them. Small boulders, mirrors, metal balls, driftwood, etc. will do.

Advice! If there is a reservoir, then it must have the correct geometric shape and fit perfectly into the overall landscape look.

High tech

High-tech style in landscape design can be attributed to the modern trend. Here you can make your wildest fantasies come true when arranging the landscape. High-tech style does not require asymmetrical and symmetrical lines and decors. The main advantage of such a landscape is that it does not take a long time to care for, it is an ideal solution for very busy people. It can be implemented in a wide variety of areas, both large and small.

The use of metal, glass, polycarbonate, plastic and other modern materials is encouraged. When arranging paths in such a landscape, white or colored gravel is used. All plants are planted in flowerpots or containers with strict geometric shapes. You can also plant pyramidal fir trees, cypresses, thuja, boxwood. Using gardening scissors, plants should be given strict forms. With such a design, bright and variegated colors do not belong here.

When it comes to decoration, special attention is paid to lighting. It is accepted to introduce modern lighting equipment that uses LED lighting. It is very good if the backlight is colored and evenly illuminates the landscape project. Plus, you can install solar-powered lighting. In addition to lighting, the area can be decorated with glass and metal shapes, such as balls, cubes, and other abstract shapes.

Mediterranean style

The Mediterranean style in landscape design combines colorfulness, conifers and citrus plants, as well as picturesque bodies of water. It will not be easy to implement such a landscape project, because subtropical plants will be able to take root only in the southern region of our country. In all other cases, you will have to try to adapt plant analogues that can cope with the harsh climate.

Embossed areas are encouraged in this style. If they are not there, then you can make artificial hills, slopes and stairs. You can allocate a place for a patio. A hedge will be an excellent solution for zoning and design of the entire area. Of all these styles, the Mediterranean is considered the most picturesque and colorful. It uses colors and paints such as blue, orange, azure blue, white, sand.

The paths can be refined with sea pebbles or natural stones. The furniture is set in rattan with blue and white striped cushions. To be specific, this landscape style favors palms, citrus and olive trees. However, they can be replaced by evergreens, for example, spruce, pine, juniper. Spicy herbs and variegated flower beds are also a feature of this style. Flowers in a similar design are purple, orange, red, blue. It will look original if planted in groups. Garden figures, amphorae, wooden benches, antique dishes are used as decorative design elements. There must be some kind of body of water, whether a stream, a waterfall or a lake.


Landscaping in the Provence style has won the hearts of many connoisseurs of classics and pragmatism. It combines France and country style. Here you should not adhere to strict lines in the design. A slight negligence can be observed. Broken geometric lines are common here. Old carts, wheels, benches and all kinds of handmade fakes, leaky baskets, cracked jugs - all this is part of the landscape of Provence. When developing a design project, you can immediately allocate places for their installation on the site.

As for the plants, there should be a brightly blooming front garden. The composition of calendula, marigolds, beans, zucchini, nasturtium, onions, sunflowers looks great. The paths can be stone paved.

Mysterious Italy

The Italian style of landscaping is suitable for areas with a natural and embossed slope. Retaining walls and spacious terraces look great. This style is characterized by a large number of stones. A variety of objects can be built from them:

  • Fountains.
  • Cascades.
  • Balustrades.
  • Ramps.
  • Ladders.
  • Fences.
  • Pavilions.

Italian style water plays a key role. Therefore, it is good if there are a large number of babbling streams, fountains and reservoirs. It will not be an easy task to recreate such a landscape, since it is required to arrange the garden on difficult terrain. It is important to correctly position the stones so that your yard does not resemble a place of accumulation of stones.

The whole picture of the design is created along the axes. On the main one there are parterre lawns, which are decorated with sculptures, flower beds and other landscape elements. Plantings in bosquets look original. The part of the landscaped garden, which is flat, is equipped with stones from a semicircular wall, like an amphitheater. To organize a secluded place, an isolated corner of the garden is necessarily created.

It is also worth allocating a place for reservoirs, long straight paths that are laid out with Italian mosaics. Antique sculptures, viewpoints and much more. All this combines the Italian style in the landscape design of the infield.

Colonial American spirit

Today, the colonial style in landscape design is very popular. This solution is optimal for small houses with verandas. The veranda can be wrapped in ivy, due to which there is always cool air in the room. There are no strict rules and requirements for the use of any exclusive materials. For example, you can get by with a brick and a regular board. The result should be a slightly sloppy garden design, as in colonial America, where this design style comes from.

As for plants, everything is very simple here. They should be placed in wooden tubs or white dishes. Wooden figures of animals also look original. A fountain, wicker benches, sun loungers will also be relevant.

Such a landscape combines negligence, severity, simplicity and the spirit of freedom. This is emphasized by the plants that cut extraordinarily. At first glance, it may seem that everything is very simple, but it is not easy to achieve the perfect design harmony between chaos and relaxation in such a landscape project. All the little things in the design should be carefully thought out.

Exclusive solution

Exclusive landscape design will be of interest to those who are not satisfied with the standards. The main design idea is to make the space functional and aesthetic. The created landscape project should display a positive outlook on life, which will evoke extremely positive emotions. This design is based on the garden near the building. Particular attention should be paid to the formation of relief, vegetation, reservoirs and other compositions. Everything must have an emotional impact.

The garden is executed in a variety of styles, for example, it can reflect Japan, France and even Italy. Exclusivity is achieved by playing with light and shadows, as well as setting original figures.

Mixed style

If you are not a fan of sticking to one plank, then mixed landscaping styles will be to your liking. The bottom line is that individual areas of the territory will have their own unique style and original landscape design. However, one landscape style should prevail. The rest are smoothly passing from one to the other. Among other things, some landscape styles can be mixed with each other.

For example, the following concept can be followed when developing a landscape design project:

  • The parade area is a regular style.
  • The main entrance and entrance are landscape style.
  • The backyard area is French style.
  • Flower gardens - country.

In this section there is a presentation of the design of this design in the photo, after looking at them, you can imagine your dream garden and recreate it on your landscape plot. An important condition is to avoid abrupt transitions from one design to another.

Eco-style in support of nature

Eco-style in landscape design means maximum naturalness. The end result should completely resemble pristine nature. There should be no hint that a human hand was here. Therefore, to create it, it will take a lot of effort to achieve maximum naturalness in such a landscape.

The area of ​​the landscape plot can be very different. Color tints are natural. Bridges made of boards, logs, grass, gravel, stones, bark - all this is a feature of the ECO-style and landscape design. As for the plants, here you should clearly adhere to the prevailing flora in your area. Wildflower lawns, forest plants, garden flowers will create a pleasant and cozy atmosphere. When choosing furniture, you should give preference to rough, for example, stumps, driftwood, etc.

Advice! If there is a pond, then there must be living inhabitants in it.

Forest - the harmony of nature

The forest style in landscape design resembles the previous one. It also implies the least human intervention. The main task is to correctly place accents in a landscape design project. If there is interference, then only natural colors are added, for example, wood, grass, bark, and so on. With this style, paving is used very little. The vegetation is mainly forest - shrubs, cereals, buttercups, chamomiles, bells and other medicinal plants. Furniture should be as simple as possible, for example, wood, varnished.

Russian style of the 18th century

The Russian style in landscape design emerged in the 18th century. Its distinctive features are the use of pines, oaks, birches and cedars. It is based on alley plantings, trellises, beautifully designed roadside areas. The basis of the entire landscape ensemble is a beautiful fountain and sculpture.

All buildings can be decorated with climbing plants. Also, beautiful flower pots are hung on the facades. This whole landscape style is slightly reminiscent of the Provence landscape style.


So, we have considered with you the most different styles of landscape design and their characteristic features. Each of them has a certain zest that makes it special and unique in its kind. The presentation of all these landscape styles is complemented by photographs and videos. We hope that all this material will help you decide on the chosen direction. Of course, you can write endlessly about each style, we tried to choose for you the main distinctive features of this or that landscape.

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